A comprehensive study of the DNA of the rays that – up until last week – were known as mantas and mobulas (or devil rays), has seen the taxonomic reclassification of mantas into the genus Mobula. Gestekelde duivelsrog in Dutch Itomaki-ei in Japanese Japanese devil ray in English Japanese devil ray in English The Atlantic devil ray has no defensive spine on its tail. We, NMFS, announce a 90-day finding on a petition to list the giant devil ray (Mobula mobular) as an endangered or threatened species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Sightings are common along the Atlantic coast of Florida and the surrounding areas (particularly in the summer), as well as in the Gulf of Mexico and in the Antilles. Possible specimens observed off West Africa have been described as blue, however the validity of these specimens’ identifications is in question. DOI : 10.11646/zootaxa.4126.1.9 . In one reported observation, a female carried a single embryo, which initially fed on yolk then received additional nourishment from greenish uterine milk that is enriched with mucus, fat or protein. Mobula rays are under threat. Disclaimer: Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788) – devil fish, devil ray, giant devil ray, manta mobula : Species: Mobula munkiana Notarbartolo-di-Sciara, 1987 – manta chica, pygmy devil ray : Species: Mobula rancureli Cadenat, 1959 Species: Mobula rochebrunei (Vaillant, 1879) Species: Mobula tarapacana (Philippi, 1893) – sicklefin devil ray, manta cornuda Stingray, any of a number of flat-bodied rays noted for the long, sharp spines on their tails. Help us improve the site by taking our survey. The Atlantic devil ray was described in 1831 by Bancroft as Cephalopterus hypostomus. Two genera have been traditionally recognized, Manta and Mobula, but recent DNA analysis shows that Mobula as traditionally recognized is paraphyletic to manta rays, making Manta a junior synonym of Mobula. Mobula japanica (Müller & Henle, 1841) Common names Astelsaba-merisarvik in Estonian Cawang genul in Javanese Cá Ó dơi Nhật Bản in Vietnamese Devilray in English Diable de mer japonais in French Fāfārua in language. Giant devilrays are filter feeders, catching food on their branchial filter plates as they swim. The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket Guides! Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. Confused by a class within a class or Information on the global distribution of giant manta rays and their population sizes is lacking. To cite this page: Forty-two species of rays from 9 families and 3 orders have been found in Sri Lankan waters both inshore and out at sea in depths of up to 200m. Mobula hypostoma (lesser devil ray) Mobula japanica (spinetail devil ray) Mobula kuhlii (shortfin devil ray) Mobula mobular (devil fish) Mobula munkiana (Munk's devil ray) Mobula rochebrunei (lesser Guinean devil ray) Mobula tarapacana (Chilean devil ray) Mobula thurstoni (smoothtail devil ray) Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Unconfirmed reports suggest M. hypostoma may stray as far north as New Jersey, west to the eastern Atlantic coast, and south to the coast of Senegal, Africa, but these specimens may be misidentified M. mobular or Manta birostris. Catalogue of the Genera of Recent Fishes. Family. Predators Due to the uncertainty regarding the Atlantic devil ray’s age, growth and reproductive rates, the species may become threatened in the future if commercial fishing pressures were to increase. When feeding, this ray often pushes its way through turtle grass using its cephalic fins to funnel food towards its mouth. The Atlantic devil ray can be found in the western Atlantic Ocean from North Carolina south to northern Argentina. Dentition The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. Species Mobula thurstoni Manta. It is also known as the lesser devil ray (English), devil ray (English), small devilfish (English), atlantische duivelsrog (Dutch), diable géant (French), mante diable (French), diablo (Portuguese), jamanta (Portuguese), manta chica (Spanish), manta enana (Spanish), raya (Spanish), and vestatlantisk djaevlerokke (Dan… Bancroft as Cephalopterus hypostomus subject to fishing, have significantly declined than any other ray species in larger schools ’. Pocket Guides roams deeper and/or ranges more of the most charismatic species of rays feet ( m. 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