Susanah Shaw Romney locates the foundations of the early modern Dutch empire in interpersonal transactions among women and men. D. L. Noorlander argues that the Reformed Church and the West India Company forged and maintained a close union, with considerable consequences across the seventeenth century. Transatlantic Pieties: Dutch Clergy in Colonial America explores the ways in which the lives and careers of fourteen Dutch Reformed ministers illuminate important aspects of European and American colonial society of their times. They could tax their own citizens, choose a pastor, and build their own small villages. Yankeedom. The settlers of New Netherland were obligated to uphold religious toleration as a legal right by the Dutch Republic's founding document, the 1579 Union of Utrecht, which stated that "everyone shall remain free in religion and that no one may be persecuted or investigated because of religion." Subsequent immigrants didn't confront or assimilate into an “American… In the seventeenth-century English Atlantic, religious beliefs and practices played a central role in creating racial identity. From Han, E. et al.Clustering of 770,000 genomes reveals post-colonial population structure of North america.Nature Communications 8 (2017). Divisions and Alliances. The owner/lord, or patroon (not a misspelling), would be chief magistrate and governor of his land, have credit with the company, and be involved in the trading company with only a 5 percent export fee. MHQ Home Page. Noorlander's argument in Heaven's Wrath questions the core assumptions about why the Dutch failed to establish a durable empire in America. In this path-breaking study, Heather Miyano Kopelson peels back the layers of conflicting definitions of bodies and competing practices of faith in the puritan Atlantic, demonstrating how the categories of “white,” “black,” and “Indian” developed alongside religious boundaries between “Christian” and “heathen” and between “Catholic” and “Protestant.” Faithful Bodies focuses on three communities of Protestant dissent in the Atlantic World: Bermuda, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island. Hanson argues that the absence of widespread religious violence in a neighborhood with such densely concentrated religious diversity suggests that there is no limit to how much pluralism a pluralist society can stand. He downplays the usual commercial explanations and places the focus instead on the tremendous expenses incurred in the Calvinist-backed war and the Reformed Church's meticulous, worried management of colonial affairs. Charles II of England granted his brother James, Duke of York a large parcel of American territory that included New Netherland, New Amsterdam, and the surrounding area. During the Second Anglo-Dutch War in 1664, King Charles of England then granted his brother, James, Duke of York, vast American territories that included all of New Netherland. Spanning more than two centuries across colonial British America and the United States, The First Prejudice offers a groundbreaking exploration of the early history of persecution and toleration. Map of New Netherland 1614, by Adriaen Block, the first time it had been called that | Public domain Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. In so doing, Woodard ignored the southern tip of Florida but added four brand-new regions: "New Netherland" (Greater New York) and a tri-sected South that replaced a unified Confederacy with Colin Woodard assigns all of North America to one of eleven regions, as opposed to Joel Garreau's NINE NATIONS (OF NORTH … It was Thomas Jefferson who envisioned the United States as a great 'empire of liberty.' English Protestantism provided a vocabulary and structure to describe and maintain boundaries between insider and outsider. Yankeedom: . The slaves from Ghana were taken through the Elmina Castle and sold to the Americans and Europeans. They were stolen. An illuminating history of North America's eleven rival cultural regions that explodes the red state-blue state myth.North America was settled by people with distinct religious, political, and ethnographic characteristics, creating regional cultures that have been at odds with one another ever since. In many ways, religion was the United States' first prejudice—both an early source of bigotry and the object of the first sustained efforts to limit its effects. In this “puritan Atlantic,” religion determined insider and outsider status: at times Africans and Natives could belong as long as they embraced the Protestant faith, while Irish Catholics and English Quakers remained suspect. In the first new one-volume history in two decades, David Reynolds takes Jefferson's phrase as a key to the saga of America - helping unlock both its grandeur and its paradoxes. It relates changes in law and language to the lived experience of religious conflict and religious cooperation, highlighting the crucial ways in which they molded U.S. culture and politics. In “American Nations,” he persuasively reshapes our understanding of how the American political entity came to be. In the greater Hudson Valley, Dutch newcomers, Native American residents, and enslaved Africans wove a series of intimate networks that reached from the West India Company slave house on Manhattan, to the Haudenosaunee longhouses along the Mohawk River, to the inns and alleys of maritime Amsterdam. This work pioneers a new understanding of the development of early modern empire as arising out of personal ties. James immediately sent four English frigates into New Amsterdam in 1664 and demanded New Netherland’s surrender. That’s the argument made by journalist Colin Woodard in his book, American Nations: ... New Netherland It wasn’t there for long, but the seventeenth-century Dutch colony of New Netherland had a lasting impact on New York City and northern New Jersey. They would also be free of taxation for 10 years, though they would not be allowed to move during this time. With the British colonizing Virginia, Spain exploring the Caribbean and parts of South America, and France claiming Canada, the Dutch staked their claim in the Hudson River Valley. In “American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America,” Colin Woodard explores the roots of what divides Americans. A highly commercial culture, New Netherland is “materialistic, with a profound tolerance for ethnic and religious diversity and an unflinching commitment to the freedom of inquiry and conscience,” according to Woodard. These leading practitioners of the "transnational turn" pause to consider such famous icons as John Singleton Copley’s painting Watson and the Shark, Alfred Eisenstaedt’s photograph V-J Day, 1945, Times Square, and Alfred Kinsey’s reports on sexual behavior, as well as more surprising but revealing artifacts like Josephine Baker’s banana skirt and William Howard Taft’s underpants. During the 1650’s, it hit a period of rapid economic growth, especially when the Company wrote the Charter of Freedoms and Exemptions. Woodard, a frequent MHQ contributor, … The twelve essays in this volume were composed by leading historians with an eye to the larger significance of religious tolerance and intolerance. The Midlands: . It grew to be such a large port with such a diverse population and busy trade, ports, and small towns, that it became the first colony on the continent that … New Netherland became one of the largest ports in North America, settled with Dutch, English, Native Americans, and Africans who had been imported as slaves. New Netherland produced immense wealth for the Dutch, and other foreign nations began to envy the riches flowing out of the Hudson River Valley. 11 Competing American Nations Remain ... New Netherlands – Dutch founders wanted to trade furs and engage in shipping from a cosmopolitan meeting place. Prayer, religious instruction, sexual behavior, and other public and private acts became markers of whether or not blacks and Indians were sinning Christians or godless heathens. Modeled after its Dutch namesake, New Amsterdam was from the start a global commercial trading society: multiethnic, multi-religious, speculative, materialistic, … The First Amendment guarantee that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion" rejected the millennium-old Western policy of supporting one form of Christianity in each nation and subjugating all other faiths. The articles are arranged topically to correspond with eight important matrices in the American experience: the Revolutionary War, frontier expansion, immigration, international affairs, social-intellectual thought, social concerns, education, and the role of women. These twelve essays stake out strong and sometimes competing positions on what "no establishment of religion" meant to the American founders and to subsequent generations of Americans, and what it might mean today. As slavery became law, transgressing people of color counted less and less as sinners in English puritans’ eyes, even as some of them made Christianity an integral part of their communities. New Netherland became one of the largest ports in North America, settled with Dutch, English, Native Americans, and Africans who had been imported as slaves. Did not care … Review of “American Nations” ... New Netherland is the smallest nation, consisting basically of New York City and nearby mainland. New Netherland and the Dutch Origins of American Religious Liberty Book Description : The settlers of New Netherland were obligated to uphold religious toleration as a legal right by the Dutch Republic's founding document, the 1579 Union of Utrecht, which stated that "everyone shall remain free in religion and that … The United States is the largest foreign investor in the Netherlands ($711 billion in 2018) and has its second largest bilateral trade surplus in the world with this … In the novel, he claims that North America is composed of eleven distinct "nation states" all shaped by their cultural and political views towards issues such as government … In The Familiar Made Strange, twelve distinguished historians offer original and playful readings of American icons and artifacts that cut across rather than stop at the nation’s borders to model new interpretive approaches to studying United States history. New Netherland and the Dutch Origins of American Religious Liberty offers a new reading of the way tolerance operated in colonial America. Individual states found it difficult to remove traditional laws that controlled religious doctrine, liturgy, and church life, and that discriminated against unpopular religions. Together, they present a road map to the varying scales, angles and methods of transnational analysis that shed light on American politics, empire, gender, and the operation of power in everyday life. A highly commercial culture, New Netherland is “materialistic, … The exact meaning and application of this American innovation, however, has always proved elusive. Founded by Puritans, residents in Northeastern states and the industrial Midwest tend to be more... New Netherland: . Weeks traces the evolution of Quebec and New Amsterdam from hubs for trade with the Indians to gateways for European settlement. He sailed up a river, landing in present day Albany where it became too shallow. The portraits humanize and contextualize the lives of these men who served not only as religious leaders and cultural mediators in colonial communities, but also as important connective tissue in the Dutch Atlantic world. Colonists’ interactions with indigenous peoples of the Americas and with West Central Africans shaped their understandings of human difference and its acceptable boundaries. As Kopelson shows, this transformation proceeded unevenly but inexorably during the long seventeenth century. The first Dutch Colony in Africa was established in Ghana in the 16th century, commonly referred to as the Dutch Gold Coast, where they exploited mainly gold and slaves. Create free account to access unlimited books, fast download and ads free! The First Prejudice presents a revealing portrait of the rhetoric, regulations, and customs that shaped the relationships between people of different faiths in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century America. Which of the 11 American nations do you live in? In his fourth book, “American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures in North America,” award-winning author Colin Woodard identifies 11 distinct cultures that have historically divided the US. They had no choice but to comply. In the end, Haefeli argues, the most crucial factor in laying the groundwork for religious tolerance in colonial America was less what the Dutch did than their loss of the region to the English at a moment when the English were unusually open to religious tolerance. British charters and privateers began fighting with the Company to see who would be the dominant European naval power. New York Colony was originally New Netherland, Holland’s attempt to stake a claim in the new world. 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