It will peck in the deep excavations and take any insects that the Pileated missed. The Hairy Woodpecker is also a year-round resident to Kentucky and the majority of the United States. Spread the word. Measuring about 8 1/2 to 10 inches in length. Some northern birds migrate south for the winter. These two species are not closely related, however, and are likely to be separated in different genera. It wields a much longer bill than the Downy Woodpecker's almost thornlike bill. Widespread and familiar woodland resident and backyard visitor. Nest site is cavity (excavated by both sexes), mainly in deciduous trees in east, in aspens or dead conifers in west. Family: Woodpecker. Feeds especially on larvae of wood-boring beetles, also other beetles, ants, caterpillars, and others. With the review process for 27 of our national monuments officially closed, a letter from Audubon's president and CEO. Colors: White backs with black wings peppered with white spots. The Hairy Woodpecker has a large range, estimated globally at 13,000,000 square kilometers. Its black-and-white plumage is nearly identical to the smaller Downy Woodpecker, but note longer bill (about the length of the head) and clean white outer tail feathers. Although still very widespread and fairly common, thought to have declined from historical levels in many areas. Nests in cavities. Your support helps secure a future for birds at risk. Even among woodpeckers, it is particularly well adapted for climbing and pecking. And like the Downy, males have the same red on the back nape.While the females have no red. Hairy Woodpeckers (Picoides villosus) occur from Alaska and most of Canada south to the Gulf Coast.In the southwestern United States and from Mexico to Panama they are found in mountain forests (mainly pines, but also in cloud forest in Middle America). They will flock in large numbers when beetle infestations occur. The upperparts are black and white; face with black and white stripes an… The National Audubon Society protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow, throughout the Americas using science, advocacy, education, and on-the-ground conservation. Nest is excavated from 4 to 60 feet above the ground (Ehrlich et al. Young leave nest 28-30 days after hatching, are fed by parents for some time afterward. They often occur together, but the Hairy, a larger bird, requires larger trees; it is usually less common, especially in the east, and less likely to show up in suburbs and city parks. The Hairy is about 2 inches longer. Red-headed Woodpeckers … The hairy woodpecker measures from 18–26 cm (7.1–10.2 in) in length, 33–43 cm (13–17 in) in wingspan and 40–95 g (1.4–3.4 oz) in weight. Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens) Description & Range: Downy Woodpeckers are the smallest North American woodpecker. Title Hairy Woodpecker Range - CWHR B304 [ds1551] Publication date 2016-02-0100:00:00 Presentation formats digital map FGDC geospatial presentation format vector digital data Other citation details These are the same layers as appear in the CWHR System software. In its feeding it does more pounding and excavating in trees than most smaller woodpeckers, consuming large numbers of wood-boring insects. Are the Trump Administration's Environmental Rollbacks Built to Last? Although the Hairy Woodpecker is widely distributed, populations generally do not reach high densities anywhere within its breeding range. Much like their hairy cousins, males of this species grow a distinctive red patch at the back of the head. Photo: Howard Arndt/Audubon Photography Awards, Great Egret. Photo: Dick Dickinson/Audubon Photography Awards. [18][19] They are also known to peck at wooden window frames and wood-sided homes that may house prey. These birds forage on trees, often turning over bark or excavating to uncover insects. Young: Both parents feed the nestlings. The Hairy Woodpecker has a large range, estimated globally at 13,000,000 square kilometers. Legal Notices Privacy Policy Contact Us. Its preferred habitats include deciduous forests. Energetic in its search, often probing, scaling off bark, and excavating into dead wood in pursuit of insects. Audubon’s scientists have used 140 million bird observations and sophisticated climate models to project how climate change will affect this bird’s range in the future. Male may forage farther from nest, making fewer feeding trips with more food each time. The same climate change-driven threats that put birds at risk will affect other wildlife and people, too. Also, the male Hairy’s red patch is often split in two, while the Downy’s is not. The global population of this bird is estimated at 9,400,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. As to the reason for this convergence, only tentative hypotheses have been advanced; in any case, because of the considerable size difference, ecological competition between the two species is slight. The larger of two look alikes, the Hairy Woodpecker is a small but powerful bird that forages along trunks and main branches of large trees. Hairy Woodpeckers have a somewhat soldierly look, with their erect, straight-backed posture on tree trunks and their cleanly striped heads. Female lacks red on back of head. Lastly, it’s important to note that the Downy Woodpecker is much more abundant than its Hairy counterpart, especially in suburbia. Visit your local Audubon center, join a chapter, or help save birds with your state program. Loss of nesting sites (with cutting of dead snags in forest) is one potential problem. They will also make meals of caterpillars, bees, wasps, spiders, and millipedes, though not as frequently as it’s favorites mentioned before. 1 brood per year. Range and Habitat. ... lived in this woodpeckers range, and had only seen one once in recent years. The hairy woodpecker (Leuconotopicus villosus) is a medium-sized woodpecker that is found over a large area of North America. Species Range Change from 2000 to 2080 The size of the circles roughly indicates the species’ range size in 2000 (left) and 2080 (right). Male and female may maintain separate territories in early winter, pairing up in mid-winter, often with mate from previous year. [2] With an estimated population in 2003 of over nine million individuals, the hairy woodpecker is listed by the IUCN as a species of least concern. They are a natural predator of the European corn borer, a moth that costs the US agriculture industry more than $1 billion annually in crop losses and population control. This woodpecker's name is derived from the long, filamentous white or whitish feathers in the middle of its back. The larger of two look alikes, the Hairy Woodpecker is a small but powerful bird that forages along trunks and main branches of large trees. Native to North and Central America, this bird prefers subtropical or tropical forest ecosystems. [9][10] Some taxonomic authorities place the hairy woodpecker in an expanded Dryobates that includes all the species in the genera Leuconotopicus and Veniliornis. We protect birds and the places they need. Hairy’s, as with most woodpeckers, are primarily insect eaters and are known to consume many pest insects such as destructive tree boring beetles. The global population of this bird is estimated at 9,400,000 individuals and does not show signs of decline that would necessitate inclusion on the IUCN Red List. But if boreal forests do penetrate north and if Hairy Woodpeckers follow—two big ifs—a range expansion may be in the offing. The downy has a shorter bill relative to the size of its head, which is, other than size and voice, the best way to distinguish them in the field. Overwhelmed and Understaffed, Our National Wildlife Refuges Need Help. Native to North and Central America, this bird prefers subtropical or tropical forest ecosystems. Weibel, Amy C. & Moore, William S. (2005): Plumage convergence in, Moore, William S.; Weibel, Amy C. & Agius, Andrea (2006): Mitochondrial DNA phylogeny of the woodpecker genus, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22681166A92895449.en, "Description de trois espèces nouvelles du genre, "Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society's, "The European Corn Borer | The European Corn Borer", "European corn borer - Ostrinia nubilalis (Hubner)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hairy_woodpecker&oldid=992519346, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Taxonbars with automatically added original combinations, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 18:11. Will feed on sap at damaged trees or at sapsucker workings, and will come to bird feeders for suet. Hairy Woodpeckers have a somewhat soldierly look, with their erect, straight-backed posture on tree trunks and their cleanly striped heads. Accepts wide variety of habitats so long as large trees present; found in deciduous, coniferous, and mixed forest, groves along rivers in prairie country, open juniper woodland, swamps. Polytypic. Has the largest range of any woodpecker in North America. [5] The specific epithet villosus is the Latin word for "hairy". Mostly insects. This woodpecker is found in forested areas, especially where dead trees are standing. These birds are mostly permanent residents. Distinctive Markings: Black-and-white spotted back and wings with white underparts. It’s the least you can do. Lives of North American Birds. The birds bill is almost as long as the head whereas, the Downy's bill is only about half as long as its head. Their outward similarity is a spectacular example of convergent evolution. In Central America, at the southern end of it’s range, it is restricted to higher mountain forests. Presently, they are used to help generate a tabular location database for the system software. 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